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Frederick William Bullough


Frederick William was born in Westhoughton on the 27th November 1884 to parents Edward Bullough and Mercy Charlotte Fleming who had married on the 27th September, 1873 in St Mary’s Church Hulme. Edward, his father was a Coal Agent at the time of his baptism as the record of the 14th January, 1885 shows. Frederick was baptised at St Bartholomew’s Church, the Parish Church of Westhoughton.

Early Life

At the time of the 1891 Census Frederick was living at 7 King Street, Westhoughton with his parents, his five sisters Lilian Annie (aged 15), Rosa Catherine Miriam (aged 13), Clara Sophia (aged 10), Emily Charlotte (aged 8) and Florence Annie (aged 7) and two brothers Edward William (aged 16) and Ernest Edwin (aged 3). The house was an end terrace, possibly only having two bedrooms. His father was still a coal agent, and the record shows that he was born locally, as were his siblings. However, his mother was born in London (Middlesex). His sister Lillian, at the age of 15, was a Pupil Teacher - education was to prove to be an important part of the Frederick and his siblings. On the May 9 1901, Frederick’s father, Edward, died. At the time the family were living at 61 Park Road, Westhoughton. He was still living at the same address at the time of the 1901 Census with his widowed mother, five sisters and youngest brother Ernest. By this time, his sisters Lillian and Clara had become assistant School Teachers and Frederick, at the age of 16, was a Pupil Teacher.

Chester College

Having decided that he wanted to be a teacher, in 1904 Frederick William started a Teacher Training course at Chester College. He was a student at the College until 1907. By the time of the 1911 Census, Frederick had moved back to Westhoughton and was living once again at 61 Park Road. However, the Head of the Household is now James Holden, his Brother-in-Law, who married his sister Emily Charlotte on the May 26 1906. Their daughter Mercy Helena was born in 1907. Newspaper reports suggest that in 1911 Frederick took up a post as Assistant School Teacher at Over Kellet Church of England School in Lancashire.

1913 was an eventful year for Frederick. On August 12 he married Ada Walsh Greensmith at the Bethel Chapel, Park Road, Westhoughton. Ada was the daughter of Lancashire County Councillor Arthur Hardy Greensmith, J.P. and Pamela Walsh. At the time of their marriage, Frederick lived at Kirk House Farm, Over Kellet. This farm still exists. Ada lived at a house called “Hartcliffe” in Westhoughton, and this was a name she would, much later, use for another house in New Zealand. In the same year he took up the post of Headmaster of the village school at Over Kellet and his wife Ada, who was also a teacher, joined him at the school. It is reported that having taken the post they moved to nearby Carnforth from where he travelled to the school each day by motorcycle. The most likely address is 'Newlyn', Annas Bank, Carnforth.

Frederick and Ada’s son Eric Greensmith Bullough was born on June 5 1914. His birth was registered in Lancaster. In his private life Frederick adored dogs; he had a Great Dane called Mac. His son Eric later said that he thought that his father attempted to breed them.

He was described as an excellent teacher who was well liked by the children:“He had the knack of being able to maintain discipline amongst them while sharing in their games at playtime.” He was a churchman and frequently read the lessons.“In addition he played an active part in the life of the village: The Adult Choral Class, and other village enterprises always had his interest and help”

Military Service

Frederick’s Service Record shows that he joined the Royal Garrison Artillery as Gunner 85000 F. W. Bullough on 23rd May 1916. Being an educated man he progressed quickly up the ranks. On 1st June 1916 he was appointed as a Corporal and almost two months later on 29th July 1916 he was appointed Sergeant. On 17th January 1917 he was posted to the R. G. A. training school at Prees Heath near Whitchurch in Shropshire and from there on 20th May 1917 he was posted to No. 3 Cadet School in Bournemouth.During the his training in January – February 1917 he was posted to Belfast in Ireland and whilst there on 15th February 1917, his Commanding Officer Lieutenant Colonel R. M. Hill recommended that Frederick be admitted to an Officer Training Unit with a view to being appointed to a commission.

Character references were sought from people who had known Frederick before he joined the Army. These included his father-in-law who was a County Councillor in Lancashire who wrote:



To whom it may concern,

I have pleasure in giving testimony to the general character of Fred. W. Bullough, whom I have known for over … years. He is energetic, painstaking and trustworthy in all his work. I have every confidence in recommending him for the position of trust.


Arthur H Greensmith C.C.Lancs.

On February 7 William Farrar of Hall Garth Carnforth stated that he was of good character and “a suitable person to receive a commission.” On 22nd February 1917, Frederick was recommended to be admitted to an Officer Cadet Unit, by Lieutenant Colonel A J Parker, who was in command at the Siege School Bordon. On the form for admission to the Officer Cadet Unit it records that Frederick was at the time attached to the 328th Siege Battery at Prees Heath and that he was being

considered for a Commission in “R.G.A. Siege or Coast Defence”. It was recorded that he was British and his home was “Newlyn” Annas Bank, Carnforth. Also that he enlisted on 20th May 1916 and was educated at Hindley Grammar School and Chester College and that his occupation before he joined the Army was School Master (Head).


“Lest We Forget”

On November 8, 1917, a German shell killed Frederick William Bullough whilst he wassleeping. He was 32 years old.

Post Mortem

Frederick and Frank Fisher his Batman were buried side by side in Artillery Wood Cemetery Boezinge, Belgium. On 25th November 1917 the War Office received a form from the Field Service, RoyalGarrison Artillery (Special Reserve), 152nd Siege Battery, stating that Second LieutenantF. W. Bullough, Officer Commanding, 152 Siege Battery. R.G.A. had died on 8th November 1917. It records that he was killed in Action in the Field, (FRANCE or BELGIUM.)

A form identified Frederick’s nearest relatives as being Ada Walsh Bullough, his wife and Eric Greensmith Bullough his son both residing at Hartcliffe, Westhoughton and other relatives being Merci C Bullough, his mother, 2 Brothers and 5 sisters.

On August 15, 1921 Ada departed from Liverpool Docks bound for Montreal, Canada. She travelled on the White Star Line, Ticket Number 252842, with her son Eric. Their respective ages are 35 and 7, and she is recorded as not being accompanied by her husband and her given profession was a Teacher. Eventually they left Canada and settled in the South Island of New Zealand. Here they joined Ada’s brother Harold Greensmith who had survived a gas attack during the war.

Ada died in New Zealand on 24th April 1978, in Meadowbank Home and Hospital, Meadowbank, Auckland at the age of 92.

Eric died in 2003, also in New Zealand.

We wish to thank Audrey Bullough, Frederick’s daughter-in-law, for all the help she has given to our volunteer researchers whilst putting together this biography. Without her input and her generosity this would not have been possible.