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About Dr Amar Behera

Dr Behera has extensive international working experience in the US, Belgium, India and UK, looking into geometric algorithms, shape grammars, CAD/CAM, feature based design optimisation and flexible manufacturing processes. His research at the University of Nottingham and KU Leuven, Belgium, has helped shift the dimensional accuracy limits for parts made by single point incremental forming (SPIF), leading to successful industrial applications for thin sheet plastic molds, bio-medical cranial implants, etc. that were adopted by a consortium of companies in Benelux that included Arcelor Mittal, Samsonite, Bekro and ANL Plastics. Further work on embedding design structures in engineering information as part of an EPSRC 'Design the Future' project at the University of Leeds, has led to new means for effective sharing of design definitions across product lifecycles by utilising concepts from mathematical group theory such as lattice structures and enabling functional integration in product lifecycle management (PLM) tools using voice integration (speech recognition and synthesis). This work has fostered collaboration with Rolls Royce PLC, with the scope for applications to large firms that need to manage incommensurable design data.  Other past work includes dynamic control of cooling in continuous steel casting at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, which was done in collaboration with Nucor Steel and the development of a man-machine interface for precision assembly with Microlution, Inc., Chicago. Dr. Behera has also spent time in the industry with Mphasis, a HP company managing projects for General Motors, and A. P. Moller Maersk and conducting mechatronics research for General Electric on the levitation of rotors using active magnetic bearings. Recent industrial collaborations include projects on manufacturing and automation with JW Kane Precision Engineering, Magellan Aerospace and CUBIS Systems in Northern Ireland.

Teaching

Current Teaching

  • SE 4016  - Mechanics of Solids
  • SE 4017 - Dynamics of Mechanical Systems
  • SE 5045  - Advanced Statics and Mechanics
  • SE 5046 - Advanced Dynamics
  • SE 5053 - Applications and Design of Robotics and Mechatronics

Past Teaching

  • MEE 3038 - Engineering Dynamics - 3 (Control systems)
  • MEE 7028 - Manufacturing Technology (Robotics and Automation)
  • Computer Aided Design
  • Engineering Graphics

Research

Dr Behera's research has three separate themes: i) advanced digital manufacturing, ii) engineering design informatics and iii) robotics and autonomous systems. Current research interests include:

  • Multi-robot systems
  • Automation of factory shop floors
  • Industry 4.0 implementation
  • Incremental sheet forming
  • Hybridization of manufacturing processes
  • Voice-enabled CAD/CAM
  • Product lifecycle management

Open to PhD applicants on following topics -

  • Computer-aided process planning for multi-tasking machines and multi-machine tasks
  • Design and implementation of a voice-enabled product lifecycle management platform
  • Functionally resilient multi-robot systems for smart cities and national infrastructure

Published Work

Peer reviewed journal articles

[1] McKay, A., Chau, H.H., Earl, C.F., Behera A., de Pennington, A., Hogg, D. (2019). A lattice-based approach for navigating design configuration spaces. Advanced Engineering Informatics. Volume 42, October 2019, 100928. doi: 10.1016/j.aei.2019.100928. IF: 3.358
[2] Behera A., McKay, A., Earl, C.F., Chau, H.H., Robinson, M.A., de Pennington, A., Hogg, D. (2019). Sharing design definitions across product lifecycles. Research in Engineering Design. doi: 10.1007/s00163-018-00306-0. 2019, Volume 30, Issue 3, pp 339–361. IF: 2.625 (2017), SNIP: 1.76 (2016)
[3] Behera, A., de Sousa, R.A., Ingarao, G., Oleksik, V. (2017) Single Point Incremental Forming: an assessment of the progress and technology trends from 2005 to 2015. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, Volume 27, pp. 37-62, DOI: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2017.03.014. IF: 2.809
[4] Chau, H.H., McKay, A., Behera, A., de Pennington, A. (2016). Exploiting lattice structures in shape grammar implementations. Artificial Intelligence in Engineering, Design and Manufacturing (AI EDAM). IF: 1.045
[5] Behera, A., Ou, H. (2016) Effect of stress relieving heat treatment on surface topography and dimensional accuracy of incrementally formed grade 1 titanium sheet parts. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 87, Issue 9, pp 3233–3248, DOI: 10.1007/s00170-016-8610-8. IF: 2.601
[6] Behera A., Lu, B., Ou, H. (2015) Characterization of shape and dimensional accuracy of incrementally formed titanium sheet parts with intermediate curvatures between two feature types. International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, Volume 83, Issue 5, pp 1099–1111, DOI: 10.1007/s00170-015-7649-2. IF: 2.601
[7] de Sena, J. I.V., Guzmán, C. F., Duchêne, L., Habraken, A. M., Behera, A., Duflou, J., Valente, R. A. F., Alves de Sousa, R. J. (2015). Simulation of a Two-Slope Pyramid Made by SPIF using an Adaptive Remeshing Method with Solid-Shell Finite Element. International Journal of Material Forming, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 383–394, DOI: 10.1007/s12289-014-1213-8. IF: 1.936
[8] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2014). Tool path Generation for Single Point Incremental Forming using Intelligent Sequencing and Multi-step Mesh Morphing Techniques. International Journal of Material Forming, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 517–532, DOI: 10.1007/s12289-014-1174-y. IF: 1.936
[9] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2014). Tool Path Generation Framework for Accurate Manufacture of Complex 3D Sheet Metal Parts using Single Point Incremental Forming. Computers in Industry, Volume 65, Issue 4, Pages 563–584. IF: 2.850
[10] Behera, A., Verbert, J., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2013). Tool path compensation strategies for single point incremental sheet forming using Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines. Computer-Aided Design, Vol. 45, 575-590. IF: 2.947
[11] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2012). Advanced Feature Detection Algorithms for Incrementally Formed Sheet Metal Parts. Transactions of Nonferrous Metals Society of China. 22 (Special 2), s315-s322. IF: 1.795

Peer reviewed conference papers published in a journal version

[1] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2013). Tool path Generation for Single Point Incremental Forming using Intelligent Sequencing and Multi-step Mesh Morphing Techniques. Key Engineering Materials, 554-557, 1408-1418
[2] Duflou, J., Behera, A., Vanhove, H., Bertol, L. (2013). Manufacture of Accurate Titanium Cranio-Facial Implants with High Forming Angle Using Single Point Incremental Forming. Key Engineering Materials, 549, 223-230
[3] Duchene, L., Guzman, C., Behera, A., Duflou, J., Habraken, A. (2013). Numerical simulation of a pyramid steel sheet formed by single point incremental forming using solid-shell finite elements. Key Engineering Materials, 549, 180-188
[4] Ingarao, G., Kellens, K., Behera, A., Vanhove, H., Ambrogio, G., Duflou, J. (2013). Electric energy consumption analysis of SPIF processes. Key Engineering Materials, 549, 547-554
[5] Behera, A., Gu, J., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2012). Influence of Material Properties on Accuracy Response Surfaces in Single Point Incremental Forming. Key Engineering Materials, 504-506, 919-924.
[6] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2012). An Integrated Approach to Accurate Part Manufacture in Single Point Incremental Forming using Feature Based Graph Topology. Key Engineering Materials, 504-506, 869-876.

[7] Mohammadi, A., Vanhove, H., Behera, A., Van Bael, B., Duflou, J. (2012). In-Process Hardening in Laser Supported Incremental Sheet Metal Forming. Key Engineering Materials, 504-506, 827-832.
[8] Verbert, J., Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2011). Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines as a Tool to Improve the Accuracy of Parts Produced by FSPIF. Key Engineering Materials. 473, 841-846
[9] Behera, A., Vanhove, H., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2011). Accuracy Improvement in Single Point Incremental Forming Through Systematic Study of Feature Interactions. Key Engineering Materials. 473, 881-888

Book chapters

[1] Behera A., McKay A., Chau H.H., de Pennington A., Robinson M.A. (2017) Embedding Design Descriptions Using Lattice Structures: Technical Requirements, User Perspectives and Implementation. In: Chakrabarti A., Chakrabarti D. (eds) Research into Design for Communities, Volume 1. ICoRD 2017. Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies, vol 65. Springer, Singapore
[2] Behera, A., Kapoor, S., DeVor, R. (2008), A classification and coding system for micro-assembly, IFIP, Vol. 260, Micro-Assembly Technologies and Applications, eds. Ratchev, S., Koelemeijer, S., (Boston:Springer), pp. 37-53

Publications in conference proceedings

[1] Behera, A. (2019) Enabling functional resilience in autonomous multi-arm and multi-vehicle cooperative tasks, UK RAS 2019, Loughborough, UK
[2] Behera, A., Afonso, D., Jin, Y., Murphy, A., de Sousa, R.A. (2018) Accuracy analysis of incrementally formed tunnel shaped parts, IMIOT 2018, Chongqing, China
[3] Behera, A., McKay, A. (2017) Designs that talk and listen: Integrating functional information using voice-enabled CAD systems. EUSIPCO 2017 Workshop on Creative Design and Advanced Manufacturing. Kos Island, Greece. Sep 2, 2017.
[4] Chau, H.H., McKay, A., Behera, A., de Pennington, A. (2016) Exploring lattice structures in shape grammar implementations. 7th International Conference on Design, Computing and Cognition, DCC’16. Workshop on Shape Grammars. Chicago, United States. Jun 25-29, 2016.
[5] Behera A., McKay, A., Chau, H.H., Robinson, M.A. (2016) Embedding multiple design structures into design definitions: A case study of a collision avoidance robot. 14th International Design Conference. DESIGN 2016. Dubrovnik, Croatia. Accepted. May 16-19, 2016. [6] Behera, A., Lu, B., Ou, H. (2015) Characterization of shape and dimensional accuracy of incrementally formed titanium sheet parts. 4th International Conference on New Forming Technology. Glasgow. August 2015
[7] Ingarao, G., Vanhove, H., Kellens, K., Behera, A., Fabrizio, M., Duflou, J. (2013) Energy consumption analysis of robot based SPIF. 11th Global Conference on Sustainable Manufacturing. Berlin, 23-25 September 2013 (art.nr. 4.2) (pp. 132-137). Berlin, Germany: Technische Universität Berlin
[8] Behera, A., Lauwers, B., Duflou, J. (2012) Advanced Feature Detection Algorithms for Incrementally Formed Sheet Metal Parts. 3rd International Conference on New Forming Technology. Harbin, China, 26-28 August 2012 (pp. 93-99)
[9] Appermont, R., Van Mieghem, B., Van Bael, A., Bens, J., Ivens, J., Vanhove, H., Behera, A., Duflou, J. (2012) Sheet-metal based molds for low-pressure processing of thermoplastics. 5th International PMI Conference. Gent, Belgium, 12-14 September 2012 (pp.383-388)
[10] Behera, A. (2009) Facilitating Simultaneous Remote Data Center Migrations of Multiple Interrelated IT Systems, Proc. of the 5th International QAI Project Management Leadership Conference, New Delhi
[11] Behera, A., Kapoor, S., DeVor, R. (2008) A classification and coding system for micro-assembly, IFIP, Vol. 260, Micro-Assembly Technologies and Applications, eds. Ratchev, S., Koelemeijer, S., (Boston:Springer), pp. 37-53
[12] Behera, A. (2008) Leveraging Information technology Infrasturcture Expertise to deliver in emerging micro-manufacturing and nano-technology firms, Mphasis Best Practice Repository
[13] Banerjee, A., Behera, A., Reddy, P., Dalai, S., Saha, P., Mishra, P. K. (2007). Micro Turning with WEDG process. Proceedings of the National Conference on Trends in Advanced Manufacturing. NCAM 2007. Fr. Conceicao Rodrigues College of Engineering, Mumbai, Oct 19-20, 2007, pp. 88-93
[14] Behera, A., Patel, V., Chakravorty, S., Mishra. P. (2006) Modeling of micro-edm material removal characteristics, First International & 22nd All India Manufacturing Technology Design & Research Conference, Roorkee, India
[15] Thomas, B.G., Behera, A., Bentsman, J, Zheng, K, Vapalahti, S, Petrus, B, Castillejos, A H, Acosta, F A (2006) Online Dynamic Control of Cooling in Continuous Casting of Thin Steel Slabs, Proceedings of NSF Grant Conference, St. Louis
[16] Behera, A., Dalai, S., Saha, P., Mishra, P. (2005) On the Development of a Micro Electro Discharge Machine, Proceedings of the 8th India-Japan Joint Seminar, pp. 1-15
[17] Behera, A., Sukula, S. (2005) E-Governance: A Running Requisite for Knowledge Society in India, International Conference on Information Management in a Knowledge Society, Mumbai, February 2005
[18] Behera, A., Banerjee A., Reddy, P., Patel, V. and Mishra, P., (2004) Development of a compact wire feeding mechanism for micro EDG, 21st All India Manufacturing Technology, Design and Research Conference, VIT Vellore, December 2004
[19] Behera, A., Sukula, S. (2003) How e-Governance is striving in Indian Panorama! A Panacea for Perfect‘Government to Citizen’ Relationship, International Conference on e-Governance, IIT Delhi, December 18-20, 2003.
[20] Datta, G., Behera, A., Kumar, C., Palsaniya, R. (2003) An Investigation Into Distortion In Welded Tee Joints, Proceedings of National Welding Seminar 2002, Jan. 21-23 2003, organized by Indian Institute of Welding

Qualifications

Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur

  • Bachelors of Technology (Hons) in Manufacturing Science and Engineering
  • Master of Technology in Industrial Engineering and Management
  • Minor in Electronics and Electrical Communication Engineering

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

  • Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering

Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

  • PhD in Mechanical Engineering

Other affiliations and memberships

  • Fellow of the UK Higher Education Academy and Postgraduate Certificate in Higher Education Teaching (PGCHET)