Skip to content

About Prof Craig Twist

Craig is a BASES Accredited Sport and Exercise Scientist. He has supervised six PhD and five MPhil/MRes students to completion and is currently supervising seven PhD and two MRes students. Craig also maintains an active involvement in applied sport science, working in professional rugby league and with the England Touch Association.

External Roles

Craig has externally examined 13 PhDs, six MPhil/MRes and held/holds external examiner posts at the University of Wales (2007-2011) and University of Central Lancashire (2009-2014), Hartpury College (2014-date) and York St John University (2014-date). Craig has also been invited as a subject specialist on validation and re-validation panels for several undergraduate Sport and Exercise Sciences (or related) programmes.

Craig is invited regularly to review scientific papers for the Journal of Sport Sciences, International Journal of Sports Medicine, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, European Journal of Applied Physiology, Journal of Science and Medicine in Sports, Scandinavian Journal of Science, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, and European Journal of Sports Science.

Craig is currently co-editor of the Physiology and Conditioning section for the IRB Rugby Science Network.

Teaching

Craig teaches exercise physiology modules and supervises dissertations at Level 6 and Level M. Craig is also responsible for experiential learning placements for students at undergraduate and postgraduate levels. Current teaching includes:

  • Measurement and Evaluation Issues in Sport and Exercise Physiology (Level 5)
  • Experiential Learning in Applied Sport Science (Level 5 and Level M)
  • Issues in Elite Sport Training and Performance (Level 6)
  • Assessment and Evaluation of Sports Performance (Level M)
  • Contemporary Issues in Strength and Conditioning (Level M)
  • Optimising Sports Performance (Level M)
  • Physiology of Training (Level M)

Research

  • The applied physiology of rugby.
  • Exercise-induced muscle damage and its effect on human performance.

Published Work

Selected Publications

Burt, D., Lamb, K., Nicholas, C., & Twist, C. (2015). Lower volume muscle-damaging exercise confers protection against high volume muscle-damaging exercise and the detrimental effects on endurance performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology115, 1523-1532.

Twist, C. & Worsfold, P. (Eds) (2014). Science of rugby. London: Routledge.

Waldron, M., Highton, J., Daniels, M., & Twist, C. (2013).  Preliminary evidence of transient fatigue and pacing during interchanges in rugby league. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 157-64.

Twist, C., & Highton, M. (2013). Monitoring fatigue and recovery in rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 467-474.

Waldron, M., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2013).  The reliability of a rugby league movement simulation protocol (RLMSP-i) designed to replicate the performance of interchanged players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 483-489.

Books

Twist, C., & Worsfold, P. (Eds) (2014). Science of rugby. London: Routledge.

Book chapter

Jones, B., Highton, J. & Twist, C. (2015). Monitoring fatigue and recovery. In: The Science of Sport: Rugby. Wiltshire: Crowood Press.

Twist, C., Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., & Gabbett, T. (2013). Monitoring team sport athletes using Global Positioning Systems Technology. In: Global Positioning Systems: Signal Structure, Applications and Sources of Error and Biases. Nova Publishers.

Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2014). Recovery strategies for rugby. In: Science of rugby. London: Routledge.

Twist, C. & Highton, J. (2014). Monitoring fatigue and recovery in rugby players. In: Science of rugby. London: Routledge.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C., (2014). Monitoring the match and training demands of rugby. In: Science of rugby. London: Routledge.

 Twist, C. (forthcoming). Rugby union. In: Routledge Handbook of Strength and Conditioning. London: Routledge.

Peer-reviewed publications

In press

Oxendale, C., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2017). Energy expenditure, metabolic power and high speed activity during linear and multi-directional running. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport. In Press.

Waldron, M., Highton, J., Thomson, E., Twist, C. (2017). Transient fatigue is not influenced by ball-in-play time during elite rugby league matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. In Press.

Bradley, W.J, Hannon, M.P., Benford, V., Morehen, J., Twist, C., Shepherd, S.,Cocks, M., Impey,  S.G., Cooper, R.G., Morton, J.P., Close, G.L. (2017). Metabolic demands and replenishment of muscle glycogen after simulated rugby match play. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, In Press.

Highton, J., Mullen, T., & Twist, C. (2017). Knowledge of task end-point influences pacing and performance during simulated rugby league match-play. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. In Press.

Twist, C., Highton, J., Daniels, M., Mill, N., & Close, G.L. (2016). Player responses to match and training demands during an intensified fixture schedule in professional rugby league: A case study. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance. In Press.

Dobbin, N., Lamb, K.L., & Twist, C. (2016). Selected physiological, perceptual and physical performance changes during two bouts of prolonged high intensity intermittent running separated by 72 hours. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. In Press.

Gibson, N., Brownstein, C., Ball, D., & Twist, C. (2016). The acute physiological, perceptual and performance responses associated with self-selected versus standardized recovery periods during a repeated sprint protocol in elite youth football players. Pediatric Exercise Science, In Press.

Clarke, J., Highton, J., Close, G.L., Twist, C. (2016). Carbohydrate and caffeine improves high intensity running of elite rugby league interchange players during simulated match play. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. In Press.

2017

Highton, J.,  Mullen, T., Norris, J., Oxendale, C, & Twist, C. (2016). Energy expenditure derived from micro-technology is not suitable for assessing internal load in collision-based activities. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance12, 264-267.

Dobbin, N., Hunwicks, R., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2017). Validity of a portable jump mat for assessing countermovement jump performance in elite rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Medicine38, 99-104.

2016

Fernandes, J.F.T., Lamb, K.L., & Twist, C. (2016). The intra- and inter-day reliability of the FitroDyne as a measure of multi-jointed muscle function. Isokinetics and Exercise Science24, 39-49.

Bradley, W., Morehen, J.C., Haigh, J., Clarke, J., Donovan, T.F., Twist,C., Cotton, C., ShepherdS., Cocks, M., Sharma,A., Impey, S.G., MacLaren, D., Morton, J.P.,& Close, G.L. (2016). Metabolic demands of elite rugby competition after 36 hours of a high (6 g·kg-1) or low (3 g·kg-1) carbohydrate diet: implications for dietary recommendations. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport19, 1033-1038.

Twist, C. (2016).  Opportunities and challenges of industry supported postgraduate study in sport science. The Sport and Exercise Scientist50, 18.

Moorhen, J., Bradley, W., Clarke, J., Twist, C., Morton, J., & Close, G. (2016). The assessment of total energy expenditure during a 14-day ‘in-season’ period of professional rugby league players using the Doubly Labelled Water method. International Journal of Sports and Exercise Nutrition and Metabolism26, 464-472.

Waldron, M., Gray, A., Worsfold, P., & Twist, C. (2016). The reliability of Functional Movement Screening (FMS) and in-season changes in physical function and performance among elite rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research30, 910-918.

Norris, J., Hughes, S.F., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2016). The effects of physical contact type on the internal and external demands during a rugby league match simulation protocol. Journal of Sport Sciences34, 1859-1866.

Fletcher, B., Twist, C., Brewer, C., Morton, J., & Close, G.L. (2016). Season-long increases in perceived muscle soreness in professional rugby league players: role of player position, match characteristics and playing surface. Journal of Sport Sciences34, 1067-1072.

Oxendale, C., Twist, C., Daniels, M., & Highton, J. (2016). The relationship between match-play characteristics of elite rugby league and indirect markers of muscle damage. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance11, 515-521.

2015

Mullen, T., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2015). The internal and external responses to a forward-specific rugby league simulation protocol performed with and without physical contact. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance10, 746-753.

Bradley, W.J., Cavanagh, B., Douglas, W., Donovan, T.F., Twist, C., Morton, J.P., & Close, G.L. (2015). Energy intake and expenditure assessed 'in-season' in an elite European rugby union squad. European Journal of Sports Science15, 469-479.

Moss, S. & Twist, C. (2015). The influence of different work and rest distributions on performance and fatigue during simulated team handball match play. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research29, 2697-2707.

Moss, S.L., McWhannell, N., Mickalsik, L.B., & Twist, C. (2015). Anthropometric and physical performance characteristics of top-elite, elite and non-elite youth female team handball players. Journal of Sport Science33, 1780-1789

Ashton, R.E.M., & Twist, C. (2015). Number of directional changes alters the physiological, perceptual, and neuromuscular responses of netball players during intermittent shuttle running. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research29, 2731–2737.

Burt, D., Lamb, K., Nicholas, C., & Twist, C. (2015). Lower volume muscle-damaging exercise confers protection against high volume muscle-damaging exercise and the detrimental effects on endurance performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology115, 1523-1532.

2014

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C., & Lamb, K (2013). Changes in anthropometry and performance, and their inter-relationships, across three seasons in elite youth rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28, 3128-3136.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., & Twist, C., Lamb, K. (2014). A three-season comparison of match performances among selected and unselected elite youth rugby league players. Journal of Sports Sciences32, 1110-1119.

Beaven, R., Highton, J., Thorpe, C., Knott, E. & Twist., C. (2014). The movement and physiological demands of international and regional men's touch rugby matches. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research28, 3274-3279.

Drury, B., & Twist, C. (2014). The effects of acute heavy eccentric loading on post-activation potentiation. Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning22.

Twist, C., Highton, J., Waldron, M., Edwards, E., Austin, D., & Gabbett. (2014). Movement demands of elite rugby league players during Australian National Rugby League and European Super League matches. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance9, 925-930.

Burt, D., Lamb, K., Nicholas, C., & Twist, C. (2014). Effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on resting metabolic rate, sub-maximal running and post-exercise oxygen consumption. European Journal of Sports Science14, 337-344.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C., & Lamb, K. (2014). The relationship between physical abilities, ball-carrying and tackling among elite youth rugby league players Journal of Sports Sciences, 32, 542-54.

Sanchez, X., Moss, S.L., Twist, C., & Karageorghis, C.I. (2014). On the role of lyrics in the music-exercise performance relationshipPsychology of Sport and Exercise15, 132-138.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C., & Lamb, K.L. (2014). The reliability of tests for sport-specific skill amongst elite youth rugby league players. European Journal of Sports Science14, S471-S477.

2013

Twist, C., & Highton, M. (2013). Monitoring fatigue and recovery in rugby league players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 467-474.

Waldron, M., Highton, J., & Twist, C. (2013).  The reliability of a rugby league movement simulation protocol (RLMSP-i) designed to replicate the performance of interchanged players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 483-489.

Johnston, R., Gibson, N.V., Twist, C., Gabbett, T.J., MacNay, S., & MacFarlane, N., (2013). Physiological responses to an intensified period of rugby league competition. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research27, 643–654. 

Highton, J., Lamb, K., Twist, C., Nicholas, C. (2013). Carbohydrate-protein improves self-regulated simulated multiple-sprint sport performance, Journal of Sports Sciences31, 361-369.

Sykes, D., Nicholas, C., & Lamb, K., & Twist, C. (2013). An evaluation of the external validity and reliability of a rugby league match simulation protocol. Journal of Sports Sciences31, 48-57.

Waldron, M., Highton, J., Daniels, M., & Twist, C. (2013). Preliminary evidence of transient fatigue and pacing during interchanges in rugby league. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance8, 157-64.

Burt, D., Lamb, K., Nicholas, C., & Twist, C. (2013). Effects of repeated bouts of squatting exercise on sub-maximal endurance running performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology113, 285-293

2012

Burt, D., Lamb, K., Nicholas, C., & Twist, C. (2012). The effects of muscle damaging exercise on physiological, metabolic and perceptual responses during two modes of endurance exercise. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness10, 70-77.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist, C., & Lamb, K.L. (2012). The reliability of tests for sport-specific skill amongst elite youth rugby league players. European Journal of Sports Science. Published ahead of print, DOI:10.1080/17461391.2012.714405.

Doncaster, G., & Twist, C. (2012). Exercise-induced muscle damage from bench press exercise impairs arm cranking endurance performance, European Journal of Applied Physiology. Published ahead of print, DOI: 10.1007/s00421-012-2404-y

Highton, J., Lamb, K., Twist, C., Nicholas, C. (2012). The reliability and validity of short-distance sprint performance assessed on a non-motorized treadmill. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26, 458-465.

Twist., C., Waldron, M., Highton, J., Burt, D., & Daniels, M. (2012). Neuromuscular, biochemical and perceptual post-match fatigue in professional rugby league forwards and backs. Journal of Sports Sciences30, 359-367.

2011

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist., C., & Lamb, K.L. (2011). Predicting 30 m timing gate speed from a 5 Hz Global Positioning System (GPS) device. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport11, 575-582.

Waldron, M., Worsfold, P., Twist., C., & Lamb, K.L. (2011). Concurrent validity and test re-test reliability of a Global Positioning System (GPS) and timing gates to assess sprint performance variables. Journal of Sports Sciences, 29, 1613-1619.

Twist, C., & Sykes, D. (2011). Evidence of exercise-induced muscle damage following a simulated rugby league match. European Journal of Sports Science, 11, 401-409.

Sykes, D., Twist, C., Nicholas, C., & Lamb, K. (2011). Changes in locomotive rates during senior elite rugby league matches. Journal of Sports Sciences29, 1263-1271.

Waldron, M., Twist, C., Highton, J., Daniels, M., & Worsfold, P. (2011). Movement and physiological match demands of elite rugby league using portable Global Positioning Systems. Journal of Sports Sciences29, 1223-1230.

Burt, D., & Twist, C. (2011). The effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on cycling time-trial performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research25, 2185-2192.

2010

Wheeler, S., & Twist, C. (2010). Methods of assessing body fatness among children: Implications for the National Child Measurement Programme. European Physical Education Review, 16, 81-93.

Foster, C., Twist, C., Nicholas, C., & Lamb, K.L. (2010). Heart rate responses to small-sided games among elite junior rugby league players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. 24, 906-911.

2009

Sykes, D., Twist, C., Hall, S., Nicholas, C., & Lamb, K. (2009). Semi-automated time-motion analysis of senior elite rugby league. International Journal of Performance Analysis in Sport, 9, 47-49.

Highton, J., Twist, C., & Eston, R.G. (2009). The effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on agility and sprint running performance. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness. 7, 24-30.

Twist, C., & Eston, R.G. (2009). The effect of exercise-induced muscle damage on perceived exertion and cycling endurance performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 105, 559-567.

2008

Davies, R.D., Eston, R.G., Poole, D.C. Rowlands, A.V., DiMenna, F., Wilkerson, D., Twist, C., & Jones, A.M. (2008). The effect of eccentric exercise-induced muscle damage on the dynamics of muscle oxygenation. Journal of Applied Physiology, 105, 1413-1421.

Twist, C., Gleeson N.P., & Eston, R.G. (2008). The effects of plyometric exercise on unilateral balance performance. Journal of Sports Sciences, 26, 1073-1080.

2007

Twist, C., & Eston, R.G. (2007). The effects of muscle-damaging exercise on maximal intensity cycling and drop jump performance. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 5, 79-87.

2005

Twist, C., & Eston, R.G. (2005). The effects of exercise-induced muscle damage on maximal intensity intermittent exercise performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 94, 652-658.

2004

Byrne, C., Twist, C., & Eston, R.G. (2004). Neuromuscular function after exercise-induced muscle damage: Theoretical and applied implications. Sports Medicine, 34, 49-69.

Eston, R., Byrne. C., & Twist, C. (2004). Muscle function after exercise-induced muscle damage: considerations for athletic performance in children and adults. Journal of Exercise Science and Fitness, 1, 85-96.

Owen, A., Twist, C. & Ford, P. (2004). Small-sided games: the physiological and technical effect of altering pitch size and player numbers. Insight, 7, 50-53.

Qualifications

BA (Hons), MSc, Ph, CSi, Professor in Applied Sports Physiology